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What Is Insomnia

What Is Insomnia?

Insomnia

Insomnia is a common condition in which you have problem falling or staying asleep. This condition can range from mild to harsh, depending on how frequently it occurs and for how long.

Insomnia can be chronic or acute . Chronic insomnia means having symptoms at least 3 nights a week for additional than a month. Acute insomnia lasts for less time.

Some people who have insomnia may have problem falling asleep. some people may fall asleep easily but wake up too soon. Others may have problem with both falling asleep and staying asleep.

As a result, insomnia may cause you to get too little sleep or have poor-quality sleep. You may not feel refreshed when you wake up.

    Overview

There are two types of insomnia. The most common type is called secondary or comorbid insomnia. This type of insomnia is a signs or side effect of some other problem.

More than 8 out of 10 people who have insomnia are supposed to have secondary insomnia. Certain medical conditions, medicines, sleep disorders, and substances can cause secondary insomnia.

In contrast, primary insomnia isn't due to a medical problem, medicines, or other substances. It is its own disorder. A number of life changes can trigger primary insomnia, including long-lasting stress and emotional distress.

Insomnia can cause extreme daytime sleepiness and a lack of energy. It also can make you feel anxious, depressed, or irritable. You may have trouble focusing on tasks, paying attention, learning, and remembering. This can prevent you from doing your best at work or school.

Insomnia also can cause other severe problems. For example, you may feel drowsy while driving, which could lead to an accident.

    Outlook

Secondary insomnia often resolves or improves without treatment if you can stop its cause particularly if you can correct the problem soon after it starts. For example, if caffeine is causing your insomnia, stopping or limiting your intake of the material may cause your insomnia to go away.

Lifestyle changes, including better sleep habits, often help relieve acute insomnia. For chronic insomnia, your doctor may advise a type of counseling called cognitive-behavioral therapy or medicines.