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Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is the name for bacterial infections of the gums in the mouth. In most cases this disease is linked to poor oral hygiene. Some people however can have a genetic pre-disposition to the disease. The disease once initiated can progress more rapidly in people who have diabetes, especially if the diabetes is poorly controlled. Smoking is a strong risk factor for periodontal disease.

Symptoms

  • redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth or biting into hard food (e.g. apples)
  • halitosis or bad breath
  • persistant bad taste in the mouth
  • shaky teeth in later stages
  • recession of gums resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth

Treatment

  • regular brushing and either flossing (use of a thin piece of cotton or nylon string to clean between the teeth) or using the toothpick-like Johnson & Johnson Stim-U-Dent Plaque Removers
  • treatment by a periodontist, which includes professional cleaning and may include drugs, and/or surgery

Prevention

  • brushing properly on a regular basis (2-3 times a day)
  • flossing daily, or using the toothpick-like Johnson & Johnson Stim-U-Dent Plaque Removers
  • regular dental checkups and professional teeth cleaning as required
  • balanced diets with adequate amount of Vitamin C