These situations are inherited, and the different muscular dystrophies follow various inheritance patterns. The main cause of Duchenne and Becker kinds of muscular dystrophy is the inability to properly create the protein dystrophin.
Physical therapy to avoid contractures and maintain muscle tone, orthoses and corrective orthopedic surgery may be required to improve the quality of life in some cases. The cardiac problems that occur with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy and myotonic muscular dystrophy may need a pacemaker.
Muscular dystrophy refers to a collection of hereditary muscle diseases that weaken the muscles that move the human body. Muscular dystrophies are typified by progressive skeletal muscle weakness, deficiency in muscle proteins, and the death of muscle cells and tissue.