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Gingiva

The gingiva, or gums, consist of the tissue surrounding the roots of the teeth and covering the jawbone. Gingiva is considered as extensions of the skin, which, through evolution, have become mucous membranes. The gingiva are naturally transparent. They are rendered red in color because of the blood flowing through them. The gingiva are connected to the teeth and bone through the periodontium. Improper or insufficient oral hygiene can lead to many gingival and periodontal disorders, including gingivitis or pyorrhea, which are major causes for tooth fall.