articles Genu valgum
Genu valgum is commonly referred to as knock knees, a condition
where the knees angle in and touch when the legs are straightened.
Persons with severe valgus deformities are typically unable
to touch their feet together while simultaneously straightening
Mild genu valgum is relatively common in children
up to two years of age, and is often corrected naturally as
children grow and develop. However, the condition may continue
or worsen with age, particularly when it is the result of a
disease, such as rickets or obesity. Idiopathic is the term
used to describe genu valgum that is congenital or has no known
If the condition persists or worsens into late
childhood and adulthood, a corrective osteotomy may be recommended
to straighten the legs.
In addition to cosmetic concerns, adults with
uncorrected genu valgum are typically prone to injury and chronic
knee problems such as chondromalacia and osteoarthritis. In
some cases, total knee replacement (TKR) surgery may be required
later in life to relieve pain and complications resulting from
severe genu valgum.