Adie Syndrome is normally caused by a viral or a bacterial infection. The infection causes damage to the postganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic innervations of the eye. Some medical experts believe that Adie Syndrome is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system of the body makes antibodies that in turn affect those exact optic nerves.
The usual treatment of a standardised Adie syndrome is to prescribe reading glasses to accurate for impairment of the eye(s). Pilocarpine drops may be administered as a treatment as well as a diagnostic measure, and should be applied three times on a daily basis. Thoracic sympathectomy is the definitive treatment of diaphoresis, if the situation is not treatable by drug therapy.
Adie syndrome, sometimes recognized as Holmes-Adie's syndrome or Adie's Tonic Pupil, is a neurological confusion which affects the pupil of the eye and the autonomic nervous system. It is named for William John Adie. It is caused by injure to the postganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic innervation of the eye, usually by a viral or bacterial infection which causes inflammation, and characterized by a tonically dilated pupil.