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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007

For their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells
Name - Mario R. Capecchi
Date of birth - October 6, 1937
Institutions - University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Country - USA

Description - Mario Renato Capecchi is an Italian-born American molecular geneticist and a co-winner of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Name - Sir Martin J. Evans
Date of birth - 1 January 1941
Institutions - Cardiff University, Cardiff
Country - United Kingdom

Description - Sir Martin John Evans FRS is a British scientist, credited with discovering how to culture embryonic stem cells in 1981, and for his work in the development of the knockout mouse and the related technology of gene targeting.

Name - Oliver Smithies
Date of birth - June 23, 1925
Institutions - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Country - USA

Description - Oliver Smithies is a British-born American geneticist and Nobel laureate, credited with the invention of gel electrophoresis in 1955.